One of the most controversial topics of the Potsdam conference was the revision of the German-Soviet-Polish borders and the expulsion of millions of Germans from the disputed territories. In exchange for the territory it lost after the rebalancing of the Soviet-Polish border to the Soviet Union, Poland received much of German territory and began deporting German residents from the territories concerned, as well as other nations that held large German minorities. The Negotiators in Potsdam were well aware of the situation and, although the British and Americans feared that a mass exodus of Germans to Western areas of occupation would destabilize them, they merely stated that “all transfers that take place should be done in an orderly and humane manner” and asked the Poles, Czechs and Hungary to temporarily suspend the additional deportations. Britain and the United States were still at war with Japan, but the absence of a common enemy in Europe created immense difficulties in Potsdam to reach consensus on the political reconstruction of Europe after the war. Potsdam was also lacking the optimism and kindness and kindness, but sometimes forced, as well as the “atmosphere of compromise” of Tehran and Yalta. But the biggest stumbling blocks in Potsdam were the fate of post-war Poland, the revision of its borders and borders in Germany, and the expulsion of millions of ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe. The issue of Poland had been raised at the Tehran and Yalta conferences. In exchange for the territory lost to the Soviet Union, Poland had to be compensated to the west by a large part of Germany up to the Oder-Neisse line – the border along the Oder and the Neisse. The Potsdam conference ended on a bleak note. By the end, Truman had become even more convinced that he had to pursue a harsh policy towards the Soviets. Stalin was more convinced that the United States and Great Britain had conspired against the Soviet Union. As for Churchill, he was not present at the closing ceremony.
His party lost in the English election and was replaced in the middle of the conference by new Prime Minister Clement Attlee.