Australia Papua New Guinea Refugee Agreement

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As of 21 October 2018, Manus Island had 626 refugees and asylum seekers. An Iranian refugee and former RPC resident on Manus Island fled PNG for Fiji in January 2017. He had intended to seek asylum in Fiji, but was repatriated to PNG before an application was filed. Back in PNG, he was indicted for falsifying passport documents. In April 2017, following a 7-month investigation, the Senate`s Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee released a report on allegations of abuse, self-assault and neglect in the Nauru and Manus Island RPCs. The report contains 12 recommendations, including the task of conducting independent audits of medical transfer procedures and the impact of detention on physical and mental health. Since the closure of RPC manus Island, access to medical care has become scarcer and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has called for the evacuation of refugees and asylum seekers to Australia. 4.1 The terms of reference (l) of this inquiry mandated the Committee to review the processing of refugee status (RSD) and resettlement agreements in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The evidence provided for this investigation and other relevant reports agrees that buyer uncertainty about RSD processes and relocation agreements was a critical factor that led to the incident at the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre (RPC) in February 2014. 4.26 A recent discussion paper by Diana Glazebrook, a scientist whose work focused on refugee resettlement, provides an enlightening context on the evolution of refugee law in PNG: 4.23 On 18 September 2013, PNG`s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration confirmed that this requirement had been met.

[16] However, UNHCR reported on November 26, 2013, that PNG “was in the process of lifting the seven reservations concerning all refugees under its jurisdiction.” [17] As of October 31, 2016, of the 1,195 people whose asylum claims have been reviewed by the Nauru government, 941 (79%) were refugees. 4.7 As noted in Chapter 1, on 19 July 2013, the Australian and PNG governments entered into a Regional Resettlement Agreement (RRA). [5] This agreement provided for Australia to transfer to PNG any unauthorized arrival at sea in Australian waters after 19 July 2013 to process its refugee claims. In November 2016, it was announced that an agreement had been reached with the United States on the transfer of persons in detention to Nauru and Manus Island. As of October 21, 2018, 146 refugees had been relocated from Manus Island to the United States. .

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